The Federal Court found Australian R&D Funds and Grants Services Pty Ltd, now known as International Indigenous Football Foundation Australia (in liquidation), and its director, Lorraine Amede, breached the promoter penalty laws in relation to 10 separate schemes.
The Commissioner commenced action in 2017, and found of the 10 schemes it focused on, eight clients received about $3 million in tax refunds to which they were not entitled.
In addition, the court found the company and Ms Amede breached the promoter penalty laws.
In a statement, the ATO said the decision confirms that the promoter penalty laws apply to both arrangements tailored and marketed to individual clients and to mass-marketed tax schemes.
This case doesn’t bode well for the future of the R&D tax incentive. Since its introduction in 2011, there has been a sense it’s on shaky ground, compounded by a series of reviews – notably the 2016 Ferris, Finkel and Fraser review – and regulatory tinkering through a series of ATO alerts.
Earlier this year, Innovation and Science Australia’s annual report encouraged more focus on direct funding for industry from the government, which typically occurs through the provision of grants. Despite the upsides of upfront spending, KPMG said it presents a “double-edged sword” as far as the R&D tax incentive goes.
For example, direct funding would allow the government to target spending to industries in need of funding, but that would also mean markets that the government does not consider a strategic or competitive priority would miss out.
“There is this constant tweaking. It causes instability in the market because people just don’t know if it’s the last change and if it’s stable. How do you budget your five or six-year innovation spending like that, what does the roadmap look like?” R&D director at KPMG, Georgia King-Siem, told My Business’ sister publication Accountants Daily at the time.
Last year, PwC also reported “very noticeable” hold-ups in refunds for clients, compounded by the high levels of scrutiny the tax office applies to claims.
“These are generally smaller businesses and the cash flow is important to them. So they might still get the refund that they are entitled to, but it’ll take them three or four months,” PwC partner Aaron LePoidevin told Accountants Daily at the time.
“If you’re a small business or a startup, that can be a long time, especially if you’re expecting to receive it in four weeks, which was the old normal,” he said.
The number of companies which claimed the R&D tax offset increased from 6,475 to 13,074 between the 2013 and 2017 financial years. In the 2017 financial year, the ATO received claims for R&D tax offset of approximately $6.1 billion.