Startling new figures from the ABS show that one in four Australians under the age of 30 are having to work multiple jobs in order to make ends meet. But which state or territory has the highest incidence of people employed in multiple roles simultaneously?
“Around one in every four employed people under 30 were multiple job holders in 2016–17, and this was highest around the age of 19,” said Bjorn Jarvis, head of labour statistics at the ABS.
This was higher than any other age group.
According to the bureau’s data, Australians collectively worked a total of 19.2 million jobs in the 2017 financial year — a 3.6 per cent rise on a year earlier. Of these, 15.6 per cent of Australian employees held more than one job simultaneously.
Women are more likely to have multiple jobs than men, the ABS found (53.7 per cent versus 46.3 per cent, respectively). Capital city residents were also more likely than their regional counterparts to hold more than one job, with more than two-thirds (67.2 per cent) of multiple job holders residing in urban areas.
Multiple jobs not contained to same industry
Perhaps even more surprising was the finding that multiple job holders rarely work within the same industry.
“Around 26 per cent of multiple job holders worked all of their jobs in the same industry, which meant that 74 per cent worked across multiple industries,” Mr Jarvis said.
He said that the most common combinations of industries being worked in simultaneously were:
- Healthcare/social assistance and administrative/support services
- Healthcare/social assistance and education/training
- Retail trade and accommodation/food services
Median incomes per job
A state-by-state breakdown of the jobs figures found that the median income per job was highest in the ACT, at $54,774, while the lowest was recorded in Tasmania ($37,219).
All of the other states and territories had broadly similar readings in the low- to mid-$40,000 range.
Healthcare and social assistance was the main industry in every one of Australia’s states, while in the two territories, public administration and safety accounted for the bulk of jobs.
Which state/territory has the most people working multiple jobs?
The ABS also provided a tally of the total number of jobs and the total number of employed people in each of the states and territories.
Job volumes, unsurprisingly, had a direct correlation with the size of the state or territory’s workforce, as shown below:
- NSW – 6,095,280 jobs; 4,329,827 employed people
- Victoria – 4,864,254 jobs; 3,433,844 employed people
- Queensland – 3,870,473 jobs; 2,710,238 employed people
- WA – 2,091,129 jobs; 1,454,889 employed people
- SA – 1,244,881 jobs; 899,611 employed people
- Tasmania – 387,015 jobs; 275,106 employed people
- ACT – 349,956 jobs; 249,206 employed people
- NT – 209,690 jobs; 138,628 employed people
Analysing those figures, NSW has the largest raw number of people working multiple jobs (1,765,453), simply thanks to the size of its population and workforce.
But a simple calculation (dividing the total number of jobs in each state by the number of people they employ) reveals that, proportionately, it is the Northern Territory that had the highest incidence of people working multiple jobs, with 1.51 jobs worked per employed resident.
The lowest, meanwhile, was South Australia, with 1.38 jobs per person.
Here is how they compare with the other states and territories (all have been rounded to two decimal places):
- NT – 1.51 jobs per employed person
- WA – 1.44 jobs per employed person
- Queensland – 1.43 jobs per employed person
- Victoria – 1.42 jobs per employed person
- NSW – 1.41 jobs per employed person
- Tasmania – 1.41 jobs per employed person
- ACT – 1.40 jobs per employed person
- SA – 1.38 jobs per employed person
Adam Zuchetti is the editor of My Business, and has steered the publication’s editorial direction since early 2016.